Budokai Judo Club: Toronto’s Newest Judo / Martial Arts Club for Adults & Kids of All Ages

Based in North York, Budokai Judo Club is the Greater Toronto’s Area’s (GTA) Go-To Judo Club for professional judo instruction for adults and kids.

Known for its physical and psychological benefits (fitness, confidence, self-defense), judo is not only a martial art, but has been an official Olympic sport since 1964; practiced by men, women and children world-wide since 1882.

Judo for Adults
For adults, the reasons to study judo are endless.  Many adult judoka (judo practitioners) enjoy learning a new skill while getting in shape. Some want to learn self-defense. Others enjoy the competitive aspect of judo – winning medals, trophies and recognition. Some are motivated by the prospect of one day earning their black belt, a challenging but immensely rewarding individual achievement.

Judo for Kids
For kids, many of the same motivations apply. And yet, there is a subtle difference. Unlike adults, children have much less control over what happens to them in their day-to-day lives.

Sadly, I am often approached by parents who are concerned for their children’s psychological and physical welfare. Let’s face it; children can be cruel, especially to other children. Unfortunately, bullying is all too common and can lead to a sense of sadness, despair and depression in its victims. I know…being smaller than most of my peers growing up, I was an easy target. I tried to stand up for myself but I often came home bloodied, black eyed, or both until, at the tender age of 12, I joined my first judo class…and never looked back.

So, when parents ask me if judo is the best martial art for kids, here’s what I tell them.
Based on my experience of teaching kids judo for over 30 years, if it’s not the best, it is surely one of the better and safer martial arts for kids, for a number of reasons:

• Judo is based on leverage. Judo teaches a smaller person how to overcome a larger opponent; turning the attacker’s (bully’s) size and strength against them.
• Judo is most effective when a person is being grabbed, attacked or assaulted.
• There are no kicks and punches in judo. Participants can do randori (spar at 100%) safely while still getting real hands-on experience in hand-to-hand combat.
• Judo incorporates standing techniques (throws, flips, foot sweeps, and take downs) and grappling (pins, hold downs, and chokes and arm locks for older, more advanced students.)
• As children become more proficient in judo, they become more self-assured and confident. Their Sensei’s (Teacher’s) encouragement goes a long way to help them achieve this goal, but the confidence level will extend far beyond the Dojo (judo school).

I could give you lots of other reasons for kids to learn judo, but instead, I’d like you to hear from one of my students.  Jonathan Muir.

Jonathan started studying judo because he was being bullied and harassed at school.  Read his story.

My Story
Judo gave me the psychological and physical tools I needed as a young boy to deal with many of my self-doubts and the bullying issues I encountered at an impressionable time in my life. Like Jonathan, I’d had enough! It was time to take control.

I began studying judo in 1976 and after a few months of diligent practice at the local judo school, I was once again faced by my bully and his cohorts at my public school. With no escape, I was forced to defend myself.  It did not end well for my bully. Suffice it to say that from that point on I was never bullied again. I had gained a new-found respect amongst my peers…including my former bully.

As my first sensei taught me, “You NEVER start a fight, but when confronted and faced with no other option, make sure you finish it.” I stand by that philosophy to this day. No one should have to suffer unnecessarily at the hands of a bully.  So, is judo the best martial art for your kids?  You be the judge. Bring your child in for a free trial lesson.  You and your child have nothing to lose and much to gain.

Written by Ray Litvak: in memory of my original sensei, Mr. Chris Toule

About Budokai Judo Club
Founded by Sensei’s Rick Koglin and Ray Litvak, (Certified Judo black belts and instructors), the goal of the club is to imbue its students (men, women, children) with the character, confidence and courage that practicing judo over time instills in its students.

The club can be found in the heart of North York at 1110-5 Finch Ave. West, North York, Ontario M3J 2T2 and is located in the North York Aikido Club/Aikido Hokuryukai. The club will officially open its doors on Sunday August, 19, 2012. For more information, or to pre-register, please contact Rick Koglin at (416) 712-6751 or e-mail us today.

Based in North York, Ontario, Budokai Judo Club is the Greater Toronto Area’s (GTA) answer to professional judo instruction (recreational, fitness and competitive) for people of all ages.

Budokai Judo Club: Providing judo lessons for the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) including Toronto, North York, Downsview, Vaughan, Thornhill, Richmond Hill, Woodbridge and York Region, Ontario.

Justin Karn – Canadian Judo Paralympian – “His Hands Are His Eyes”

A recent article in the Toronto Star featured Canadian judo Paralympian Justin “The Badger”

Karn is on his way to compete in the 2012 London Paralympics for judo.  Karn and two other Canadian judoka, Tony Walby and Tim Rees, will be accompanied by veteran coach Tom Thompson to the mirror event of the 2012 London Olympics.  All of these athletes are visually impaired to some degree and the London Paralympic judo event itself is open only to visually impaired athletes.

One would think that a martial arts competition would be an impossibility with extremely visually impaired competitors. How do you know where your opponent is to apply a technique?

Both Karn and Thompson describe how judo makes this possible in the excellent article.

Judo – a mainstay of the Olympics and Paralympics

Karn describes judo as being “about balance and touch and feel and being able to determine how your opponent is positioned and where they’re most vulnerable”.   He is getting right to the heart of what makes judo perhaps one of the best grappling and martial arts for children and adults to learn when beginning their study of the martial arts. Whether it is judo’s dynamic throws or its immobilizing holds, chokes, and arm locks, a veteran judoka will rely almost completely on feeling an opponent’s movements through touch.

Judo is about ‘balance and touch’

I remember my first instructor, Chris Toule of the original Budokai Judo Club, telling us not be fooled by our eyes if our opponent tried a head or hip fake to confuse us.  He had many drills to turn up our sensitivity via touch and feel towards improving the timing of our techniques.  One of his favorite things to say was, “Okay, now try it with your eyes closed”.

What he was teaching us was to sense our opponent’s even slightest movements in our gripping hands.  With enough diligent practice this sensitivity was carried through our arms and shoulders right down into the gut.  The ability to sense an opponent’s tiniest movements can become so well trained that it almost seems like you can anticipate their next move – like you can read their mind!

The Ippon Moment

In judo the knockout score is called an Ippon.  When throwing, it means you have caught your opponent completely in the movement of the throw and put them squarely on their back. It means that despite their trying everything in their power to stop you, you have taken control of their body’s movement and made it your own.

At tournament or in the club when an Ippon happens, everyone in the whole gym feels it, for a split second two movements have become one, one fighter has tricked the other through sheer skill and taken complete control of the match.  Arms rise up in the air, people jump out of their seats, and cries of elation are heard. This is when judo becomes sublime. This is when years of dedicated practice and firm resolution have come together in a split instant and the student touches perfection.

Good Luck to Justin, Tony and Tim from your friends at Budokai Judo Club!

Written By Rick Koglin ~ Judo Teacher

About Budokai Judo Club
Based in North York and serving the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Budokai Judo Club is owned and operated by Sensei’s Rick Koglin and Ray Litvak, (Certified Judo black belts and instructors).

The goal of the club is to imbue its students (men, women, children) with the character, confidence and courage that practicing judo over time instills in its practitioners.

You can find us in the heart of North York at 1110-5 Finch Ave. West, M3J 2T2 in the North York Aikido Club/Aikido Hokuryukai. Budokai Judo Club will officially open its doors on Sunday August, 19, 2012. For more information, or to pre-register for judo classes, please contact Rick Koglin at (416) 712-6751 or e-mail us today.  You’ll be glad you did!

Budokai Judo Club is the Greater Toronto Area’s (GTA) answer to professional judo instruction (recreational, fitness and competitive) for people of all ages and skill levels.
We provide judo lessons to residents of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) including Toronto, North York, Downsview, Concord, Vaughan, Thornhill, Richmond Hill, Woodbridge and York Region, Ontario.

Toronto Judo News

Breaking Toronto Judo News!

A new online judo source and resource that will be Listing Judo Services in Toronto will soon be live for judoka, judo dojos and those seeking judo clubs and judo related services in Toronto, the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and beyond.

The soon-to-be launched site proclaims itself as the “top listing website for all the judo gyms, trainers, and other judo services in Toronto and surrounding areas”.

Being a judoka and part owner of a judo club in Toronto, I look forward to a reliable and trustworthy source and resource for present and future judoka seeking judo clubs and services in Toronto and the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).

The soon-to-be launched online judo services/directory site will “provide searchers with easy access to all their options in their area in Toronto so that they can find exactly what they are looking for.”

The online judo service will also “allow visitors to post reviews about judo service providers in Toronto that they are familiar with.”

The new Toronto judo services website/directory should do well, especially in light of Canada’s recent success in the men’s -81kg judo event, a bronze medal by Antoine Valois-Fortier. That, in addition to the added exposure judo enjoyed on Canadian television during the 2012 Olympics, should result in an Ipponfor the soon-to-be-live directory.

I’m for anything that will help promote the great sport and martial art of judo; be it in Toronto or beyond the GTA.

The staff and students at Budokai Judo Club in Toronto look forward to the launch of this new and exciting judo resource and wish it much success. Perhaps those familiar with Budokai Judo Club will post reviews – hopefully positive – about us once they get to know us. A Toronto Judoka and judo club owner can hope, right?

Written by Ray Litvak of Budokai Judo Club
Looking for a judo club in Toronto? Give Budokai Judo Club a try. Call us today at (416) 712-6751. Ask about our free 2 week no obligation trial offer. You’ll be glad you did!

Captain Underpants Tackles Bullies – And Your Kids Can Too

Captain Underpants, that irreverent hero of your little one’s everyday adventures is taking on an enemy that your children might recognize come this fall – the schoolyard bully.

Famed children’s writer Dav Pilkey used his own childhood experiences to write Captain Underpants and the Terrifying Return of Tippy Tinkletrousers, released on August 28, 2012.

Captain Underpants Knows Bullies

As a child diagnosed with ADHD who spent a lot of time in hallway detentions, Dav would read and draw to while away the long hours on his own and often found himself the target of bullying by the rougher kids and the in crowd.

The book is designed to get kids to laugh – like all the many books in the wildly popular Captain Underpants series – and the story follows two kindergartners as they use their imaginations to hold their own against the school bully. The author hoping it sends the message: you’re not alone. Dav Pilkey will be in the Toronto area to make a rare appearance to promote the new book, the first release in the Captain Underpants series in five years.

It’s sad that kids have to deal with bullying even at the youngest grades and it’s no secret that bullying in school is rampant. It’s something teachers often can’t recognize or control, leaving your child to deal with these situations on their own.

Why not equip them with the skills and confidence they need?

Judo lessons can give your child the confidence and the skills they need to confront and even prevent bullying at any age even as they increase fitness levels. They’ll be involved in a time honoured martial art that:
• enhances balance and coordination.
• encourages reacting with thought and consideration – not in anger or frustration.
• they’ll learn how to defuse a confrontation in addition to how to defend themselves against aggressive actions.

At Budokai Judo Club in Toronto, our experienced judo instructors know what kids face and we regularly witness the transformation that happens in their lives when they gain confidence through judo practice. We can offer judo lessons and bully-proofing at any age.

Visit our website to learn more or call Rick Koglin at (416) 712-6751.  You’ll be glad you did!

Budokai Judo and Martial Arts Club Celebrates its First Month

It’s been one month to the day since we held our grand opening and the SNAP Magazine teams for North York and Vaughan were there to capture some of the action – and if you have a look, you’ll see we’re not kidding. Action it is!

Take advantage of our free two-week of trial judo lessons – find out more now by calling (416) 712-6751.

The shots are great and what I like most about them is that they’ve captured not only the action itself but the spirit of our dojo – the camaraderie, the good sportsmanship, the mutual respect among all of us here, teachers and students.

Nowadays, in busy families where often both parents work outside of the home and siblings each with their own schedules and needs, it can leave a child with a lot of time spent on their own. Among its many other benefits, involvement in martial arts provides a positive peer group for your child to help counteract any negative influences from school or elsewhere. You can see that positive spirit on the faces of the kids in our judo classes.

Judo lessons will:
• Help equip your child to deal with bullying and other aggressive situations
• Help balance and fitness levels
• Help increase self-confidence

Here at the Budokai Judo and Martial Arts Club we teach the importance of respect and so much more and we can provide judo lessons to children and adults of all ages and at all levels.

Whether you’re new to judo and the martial arts or looking to get back into the game, pay us a visit.  Take advantage of our free 2 week trial offer.

About Budokai Judo and Martial Arts Club

Founded by Sensei’s Rick Koglin and Ray Litvak, (Certified Judo black belts and instructors), the goal of the club is to imbue its students (men, women, children) with the character, confidence and courage that practicing judo over time instills in its students.

The club can be found in the heart of North York at 1110-5 Finch Ave. West, North York, Ontario M3J 2T2 and is located in the North York Aikido Club/Aikido Hokuryukai. The club officially opened its doors on Sunday August, 19, 2012. For more information, or to register, please contact Rick Koglin at (416) 712-6751 or e-mail us today.

Based in North York, Ontario, Budokai Judo and Martial Arts Club is the Greater Toronto Area’s (GTA) answer to professional judo and martial arts instruction (recreational, fitness and competitive) for people of all ages.

Budokai Judo Club: Providing judo and martial arts lessons for kids and adults in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) including Toronto, North York, Downsview, Vaughan, Thornhill, Richmond Hill, Woodbridge and York Region, Ontario.

Boy bullied by teacher and students in grade 8 classroom

An unfortunate 13-year old boy in Washington State was allegedly bullied by his teacher along with classmates in an 8th-grade classroom. It’s the kind of situation to make any parents’ blood boil and highlights the value of martial arts training.

Shocking videotaped evidence from student cell phones shows him swung by the arms and legs, gagged with a sock and taunted, among other things. The boy’s parents first became aware of the situation when their son refused to attend school and became suicidal. That’s when they complained to school officials and demanded to see the student videos.

The parents pointed out that the teacher in question did nothing while the so-called ‘hazing’ was clearly going on. It’s heartbreaking for any parent or friend of children to contemplate that the person he should’ve looked to for help was so indifferent. The teacher has since been suspended for ten days without pay and moved to a different school. It hardly seems like enough for the emotional scars that this young man will carry for the rest of his life.

The Reality
It’s a sad story, but unfortunately not at all uncommon. Schoolyard bullying flourishes even when there are responsible adults present. Perhaps they’re too over-burdened to notice what’s going on, or perhaps the adult in charge is assuming that leaving it to the kids to sort out is the best way to deal with it.

The truth is, most children need help and guidance in how to deal with aggression and bullying can take many forms. That’s why judo and martial arts lessons are such a great idea at any age.

Judo lessons will:
• Increase balance and fitness level
• Teach ways of avoiding conflict
• Teach ways of dealing with conflict and threatening situations without fear or anger
• Increase self confidence

Help give your child the tools to succeed and gain self-confidence with judo lessons today. Contact us to find out more.

• Take advantage of our free two-weeks of trial judo lessons!

About Budokai Judo & Martial Arts Club
Founded by Sensei’s Rick Koglin and Ray Litvak, (Certified Judo black belts and instructors), the goal of the club is to imbue its students (men, women, children) with the character, confidence and courage that practicing judo over time instills in its students.

The club can be found in the heart of North York at 1110-5 Finch Ave. West, North York, Ontario M3J 2T2 and is located in the North York Aikido Club/Aikido Hokuryukai. For more information, please contact Rick Koglin at (416) 712-6751.

Based in North York, Ontario, Budokai Judo Club is the Greater Toronto Area’s (GTA) answer to professional judo instruction (recreational, fitness and competitive) for people of all ages.

Budokai Judo Club: Providing judo lessons for the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) including Toronto, North York, Downsview, Vaughan, Thornhill, Richmond Hill, Woodbridge and York Region, Ontario.

Why Judo and Other Martial Arts Helps Bullying Victims

Mention “martial arts” and “bullying” in the same sentence typically calls to mind The Karate Kid. Many parents and bullying victims make a natural connection between the combat tactics taught in martial arts and “fighting back” against bullies. But to view martial arts that way doesn’t do it nearly enough justice.

Martial arts can teach self defense, yes, but violence is the last thing it would ever promote. The sport instills physical strength, but also a multitude of psychological and emotional benefits that can help a child conquer bullying in a far more meaningful and permanent way than simply “an eye for an eye.”

Let’s have a look at some of the ways martial arts can change a bullying victim’s life for the better.

Increased self-esteem
Bullies don’t target confident kids

As inspiring as The Karate Kid was, that movie is almost 30 years old. The bullying landscape is not nearly as simple as it was back then. A bully is no longer just a physical threat.

We live in the era of cyber bullying, in which vulnerable, insecure or different kids are targeted and ostracized not just in tangible places like schools or summer camps, but also online. More bullying happens on Facebook walls than in playgrounds.

That means bullies are victimized on a deeper psychological level, reading and hearing words that make them feel like they don’t belong, like they’re worthless because they’re different. Thankfully, martial arts equips students with the mental and emotional strength to deal with bullying.

Whether it’s Karate, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu or Judo, a martial art pushes a student to his her physical limit and gives him or her a sense of accomplishment. That in turn builds confidence, which is a crucial component in confronting bullies.

Studies prove time and again that bullies prey on the weak. Retreating from bullies shows weakness and lets them know they can walk all over you. Martial arts teaches a student focus, discipline and responsibility – including the responsibility to take better care of one’s self by confronting a bully verbally. It sounds scary, but bullies are less likely to continue victimizing people when asked directly why they’re doing what they do. Holding a mirror to them often makes them back down.

A sense of belonging
Bullies target lone wolves

Bullies love easy targets, and there’s no easier target than the lone wolf, whether it’s a new student who hasn’t made any friends yet or a quirky personality who marches to the beat of his or her own drum. A martial arts gym or dojo is an inclusive environment that teaches tolerance and breeds friendships among students as they push each other to succeed. When you can turn to a group of peers who has your back, you’re far less likely to be a bullying target.

Even if your fellow martial art students aren’t with you when a bully strikes, just knowing they’re waiting for you, ready to support you and have fun with you, creates that crucial confidence needed to stand up to a bully.

Self-defense
Bullies intimidate via physicality

OK, so the Karate Kid isn’t totally outdated. Certain bullies still do get violent and martial arts certainly teaches kids how to defend themselves.

Note the operative word here is defend, not attack. Martial arts focuses on disarming or subduing bullies without physically harming them. Judo, for example, teaches a variety of throws and submissions designed to keep an attacker at bay without inflicting major damage.

A bullying victim can feel hopeless, but martial arts show that it’s never too late to conquer a bad situation. The discipline works. Want proof? Look no further than UFC welterweight champion Georges St-Pierre.

Why did the champ take up martial arts as a kid? Because he was being bullied, of course.

About Budokai Judo Club

Budokai judo club is based in Toronto and was founded by Sensei’s Rick Koglin and Ray Litvak, (Certified Judo black belts and instructors).  The goal of the club is to imbue its students (men, women, children) with the character, confidence and courage that practicing judo over time instills in its students.

The club can be found in Toronto at 1110-5 Finch Ave. West, North York, Ontario M3J 2T2 and is located in the North York Aikido Club/Aikido Hokuryukai. For more information, please contact Rick Koglin at (416) 712-6751.

Budokai Judo Club is the Greater Toronto Area’s (GTA) answer to professional judo instruction (recreational, fitness and competitive) for people of all ages.

Budokai Judo Club: Providing judo lessons for the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) including Toronto, North York, Downsview, Vaughan, Thornhill, Richmond Hill, Woodbridge and York Region, Ontario.

What Is Kinder Judo?

Here at Budokai Judo Club, we’ve recently begun to offer judo instruction for kids. Our latest offering is Kinder Judo – professional judo instruction for children aged 5 and over.

We’re very proud to be offering top martial arts instruction to both children and adults throughout the Greater Toronto Area. Kinder Judo continues in the tradition of excellence that we’ve established.

Judo for Boys and Girls
Our child-friendly and experienced judo instructors will teach boys and girls together in a safe environment. There aren’t many sports where boys and girls can practice and develop skills together and we believe that it can serve as a firm foundation for mutual respect throughout their lives.

Most of us can remember bullying at school when we were children, but those memories tend to fade as we become adults. Recent headlines, however, have put the spotlight on the sometimes horrific results. Martial arts lessons can help your children deal with those issues effectively and in a healthy manner.

The Benefits are Many
Early martial arts lessons have proven benefits for young children. They learn coordination, balance, agility and control. The confidence they gain from their increasing abilities, skills and achievements is immeasurable and helps them to overcome everyday stresses like bullying. They will learn how to avoid physical conflict wherever possible but in the event where it can’t be bypassed, they’ll have the skills to deal with it effectively.

Even in a stressful situation, judo is never used in anger. Kinder Judo will teach the little ones how to deal with the situation without aggravating it. They’ll learn:

• Control
• Discipline
• Respect for authority in their instructors
• Respect for each other

Physically, they’ll gain strength and burn calories in addition to:

• Coordination
• Balance
• Physical conditioning

Get in touch with Rick or Ray, Budokai’s experienced judo instructors.  They’d be more than happy to discuss Kinder Judo with you and take you on a tour of our dojo. Contact us today about Kinder Judo program for kids 5 years and up.

About Budokai Judo Club
Budokai judo club is based in Toronto and was founded by Sensei’s Rick Koglin and Ray Litvak, (Certified Judo black belts and instructors). The goal of the club is to imbue its students (men, women, children) with the character, confidence and courage that practicing judo over time instills in its students.

The club can be found in Toronto at 1110-5 Finch Ave. West, North York, Ontario M3J 2T2 and is located in the North York Aikido Club/Aikido Hokuryukai. For more information, please contact Rick Koglin at (416) 712-6751.

Budokai Judo Club is the Greater Toronto Area’s (GTA) answer to professional judo instruction (recreational, fitness and competitive) for people of all ages.

Budokai Judo Club: Providing judo lessons for the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) including Toronto, North York, Downsview, Vaughan, Thornhill, Richmond Hill, Woodbridge and York Region, Ontario.

Judo for Self-Defense

How Effective is Judo for Self-Defense?

Sure, you’ve seen the movies where one guy takes out a whole crew of the bad guys just by using the right martial arts techniques – but how does it stack up in the real world if you use judo for self-defense?

Of the martial arts, Judo is perhaps uniquely suited to the real world and situations you may encounter in daily life. Many of those flashy techniques look great on film but in reality would be hampered by clothing, uneven terrain and other issues you can’t control.

You also don’t get to choose your opponents in real life, where aggressive situations can occur when you least expect them.

Here are some points where using Judo for self-defense makes good sense:

• Judo uses realistic conditions – it’s not just a sport. For example, you will learn how to grip your opponent’s Gi as part of your take-down technique – it’s more like what you’d encounter in the real world than in the ring where your opponent is wearing spandex shorts.

• Judo’s emphasis is on evasion and adaptation to your opponent’s fighting techniques, making them lose balance and getting them down to the ground. It’s what will even the odds against a stronger opponent.

• Judo employs physics – leverage – using your opponent’s own movements to take them down, so it’s best used when the other person is attacking or reaching to grab you – i.e. not for your own attack.

• Rather than emphasizing the ground game alone – which again isn’t likely to be what you’ll encounter in the real world – in Judo it’s used as a finishing technique to the standing moves.

• Judo emphasizes control – how to fall well. When many people fall, they panic and the fight is lost. By learning how to break your fall, you stay calm and in control.

• In Judo, you stand upright, which in practise is the best way to stay in control – not the crouching fighting stance typical of many other martial arts.

• Free sparring is much like a real life street fight.

Judo uses repetition to teach moves, similar to how a piano player practises scales. When the time comes, your body knows how to execute the right moves automatically. It can be practised by a person of any age or ability level – meaning anyone can learn how to defend themselves.

In real life, there are no weight classes – you have to deal with the situation at hand. By learning the classic Judo principles that allow a smaller person to defend themselves against a bigger opponent, in effect, using the difference in strength against your opponent by taking them off balance, you’ll end up equipped for what life may toss your way.

Get to know Budokai – Toronto’s Judo Club
We teach judo for self-defense, recreation and competition! We are The Go-To Judo Club in Toronto serving North York, the Greater Toronto (GTA), Etobicoke, Vaughan & York Region for adults and kids of all ages: Call 416-712-6751 or e-mail us today to learn more!

Budokai Judo Club – 1110-5 Finch Ave. West – North York, Ontario – M3J 2T2
(Located in North York Aikido Club/Aikido Hokuryukai)

Judo for self-defense and Martial Arts Club for kids and adults in North York including Judo classes, Judo school and private Judo lessons taught for residents of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), North York, North Etobicoke, South Etobicoke, East York, Toronto, Vaughan, Downsview, Thornhill, Richmond Hill, Woodbridge, Concord and Markham, Ontario